Alcohol in diabetes and stress effect on the body
Diabetes usually occurs due to predisposition to the disease. Heredity plays a major role. However, if the individual overeats or eats a lot of sweets, and, consequently, is overweight, then the possibility of diabetes development arises. We have already written about what can be eaten during any form of diabetes, including which products should be eaten and what should be excluded.
Stress and cortisol
Stress and a sedentary lifestyle play an important role in causing disease. The stress consequences are evident in the development of diabetes. What happens during stress? The body quickly reacts to environmental changes through hormone production, which restructure internal processes in the body. The hormone cortisol is produced by endocrine glands and affects all the processes in the human body.
During stress, cortisol production increases greatly. It affects other hormones that are responsible for vasoconstriction.
Cortisol affects carbohydrate metabolism which increases glucose concentration in blood. Cortisol accelerates the protein decomposition and slows down its synthesis. It affects fat metabolism, accelerating fat decomposition, increasing the cholesterol concentration. In the intestines, this group of hormones reduces the absorption and dissolution of calcium, which plays an important role in metabolism.
There is a daily cortisol production rhythm which increases from 6 to 8 o’clock and decreases from 8 to 9 o’clock. When stress increases cortisol production, it creates a heavy strain on the body. If the individual’s heredity is not conducive to health and the possibility of diabetes is high, then frequent stress pushes them towards the disease. Diabetes causes psychological difficulties. In this regard, bad habits such as alcohol abuse become exacerbated. A diabetes patient knows why they cannot eat foods rich in carbohydrates. If this is clear, then the reason for alcohol abstinence is needed to be known too. Diabetes patients know that the glucose level increases in the blood.
Glucose is absorbed into the body from food and from the liver, which stores it. Blood glucose does not allow its level to drop to the critical value at which a severe stroke may occur, a condition called hypoglycemia.
What happens when people drink alcohol?
What effect does alcohol have on the glucose entry into the blood in diabetes?
Alcohol in diabetes has the ability to not only reduce the inflow of carbohydrates into the bloodstream from the liver, but to block it altogether. That means that alcohol consumption in diabetes leads to a hypoglycemic attack. In addition to negative alcohol effects on the body, many alcoholic drink types contain glucose. For example, various liqueurs, sweet, semi-sweet wines contain 15% to 70% of sugar and a low alcohol volume. Of course, these alcoholic beverages types are not recommended for consumption due to the high carbohydrate content.
There are semi-dry and dry wines, brut, which contain small volumes of alcohol and sugars. Therefore, if there is an extreme desire for the consumption of alcoholic beverages, brut, semi-dry or dry wine may be consumed, but no more than 200mg a day.
Stronger alcoholic beverages with 40% of alcohol and above should not be consumed at all.
Consuming alcoholic drinks on an empty stomach, even weak beverages, is unacceptable, as alcohol in diabetes that enters the body is rapidly absorbed and blocks the glucose inflow into the blood. This leads to a hypoglycemic attack.
Appetizers with alcohol
If a person consumes permitted alcoholic beverages, this should be done with appetizers which contain carbohydrates that slowly get absorbed into the blood. You can eat salads with tomatoes, lettuce, green pepper and cabbage. You can eat dishes featuring cabbage, eggplant, and mushrooms.
Raw fruits and vegetables with a low glycemic index such as radishes, cucumbers, asparagus, olives, apples, oranges, apricots, and peaches are suitable for consumption. Meat products do not contain carbohydrates, so they will not relieve hypoglycemia, which is due to a carbohydrate inflow from the liver into the area where the blood is blocked. A person with diabetes, who wishes to consume alcohol, should be aware that a glycogen injection cannot resolve a hypoglycemic attackafter alcohol consumption. You should not take pills to lower blood sugar levels prior to alcohol consumption.
The patient's state during a hypoglycemic attack can be improved by consuming foods with a high content of rapidly digestible carbohydrates, such as sugary drinks. If the patient’s condition worsens, medical service is required.
If a person feels well, they should abstain from alcohol. This will prevent rapid health deterioration and save their life.