Childrens Allergies and Their Indications
Children’s allergies to foods has become a widespread phenomenon. Many parents try to restrict their children from eating foods that can provoke allergic reactions. It can be a new type of food for a child, yet include various food additives that have become so common these days in processed and semi-processed foods.
Children’s allergies occur for various reasons, for example, if a kid is hypersensitive to some particular substances that common foods contain.
Reasons for Children’s Allergies
The underlying mechanism of children’s allergies is held in the unique qualities of the human immune system. It fights against alien proteins that get inside the kid’s body. Various types of skin rashes, itching, redness, peeling of the cheeks, head, and hands are all indications that child’s body has adverselyreacted to some allergen.
The end result of such reactions is often atopic dermatitis. This is a chronic form of children’s allergies to food allergens. Also, the reaction to the allergen is of an instant nature. Apart from external signs, a blood test of a child reveals larger than usual quantities of sodium and chloral salts, larger amounts of potassium, and fluctuations of calcium levels.. Contamination with worms and intestinal tract disorders contribute to atopic dermatitis. Not only is the skin affected, the processes inside the body are equally severe. Therefore, children’s allergies can cause vomiting, cramps, and impaired functioning of the intestines. There are other reactions to allergens, too. These reactions include allergic rhinitis, which can occur immediately after eating the product that contains the allergen.
The most dangerous symptom of an allergic reaction can be a shortness or termination of breath because of spasms or swelling of the bronchi.
True Children’s Allergies
Usually, children’s allergies occur in the following order: when the body first faces an allergen it ‘memorizes’ it. To fight a hostile substance, specific antibodies are produced. When the body stumbles upon the same substance again, it will produce the same antibodies to neutralize foreign cells really fast. The excess of this neutralizing substance (called histamine) affects the entire body of a child and causes violent reactions. These reactions are what cause the common signs of allergies.
There is another cause of allergic reactions. It is characterized by changes in the functioning of the digestive organs. Often, this can occur after a digestive infection. When the gastrointestinal tract is weakened, it can’t function properly. In this case, there is intolerance to certain foods, i.e. there is insufficient amounts of enzymes to digest these foods.
Children’s Allergies by Age
A child’s body can react adversely to various synthetic additives. It is therefore important to consume foods that contain the least possible amount of flavorings and colorings. Young children are often allergic to cow's milk, eggs, and foods that contain wheat.
Children over the age of three often have allergies or intolerances to fish and nuts. In countries where fish consumption is very common, the number of allergy cases to fish is significantly higher.
Older children suffer from the so-called ‘household allergies’: allergies to pollen and allergies to seafood. Allergies to shellfish, mussels, and other seafood are common among teenagers. Many people notice that a child’s body’s reaction to allergens is much more violent than that of adults.
It is important to seek medical attention promptly. Often, an immunologist is a specialist who can help identify the nature of the children’s allergies. A doctor will suggest rethinking a child's diet in addition to medical treatment. Often, this requires excluding foods that result in an inflammatory reaction to the product and add new foods to the kid’s ration with extreme caution.
Dietary foods will help reduce children allergies. The diet is aimed at excluding foods that are rich in histamine. These products include cheese, fish, and canned meat products. It is vital to control the intake of proteins and fats of an animal origin. Supplementing foods that contain vegetable fats to the diet will reduce inflammatory processes in the child’s body.
In order to avoid children’s allergies to many useful foods that contain important vitamins and minerals are often excluded. In order to avoid vitamin deficiency or to balance a lack of nutrients, each child’s diet should be tailored individually, taking into account personal intolerances and food allergies.
Children’s allergies usually disappear as children grow up. The only exceptions are nuts and seafood. To avoid these allergies, don’t give these foods to children under 2 years of age.