Diet for Kidney Disease
Dietary therapy takes the main place in treatment of kidney disease. Thus, the type of diet depends on the symptoms, stage of the disease, diagnosis, and treatments.
Kidneys play an important role in maintaining sustainability of the internal environment of the human body. The main function of kidneys is the excretion of excess liquid and harmful metabolic products. Kidney disease leads to the fact that fluid and toxic metabolic products begin to accumulate in the body disrupting functioning of internal organs and systems. Kidney disease can be both acute and chronic.
Type of Diet for Acute Glomerulonephritis
Glomerulonephritis is a kidney disease. It is infectious and allergic inflammation of kidney tissue. It is caused by various infections. Organism produces antibodies in response to antigens. They both form unsolvable complexes. The complexes deposit on the walls of kidney vessels and violate the work of kidneys. These antibodies are also produced to own kidney tissues. All this causes inflammation and destruction of kidneys blood vessel cell walls. Acute glomerulonephritis is manifested in three main symptoms: the appearance of protein in urine, increased blood pressure and edema.
In case of acute glomerulonephritis the diet begins with drastic reduction of protein (as its exchange is violated) and salt (as it contributes to liquid retention in the organism). A person should keep to a fruit diet for the first few days: up to 2 Pounds of fruits per day (apples, grapes, watermelons, melons).
If the patient’s condition is improved, and that may be confirmed by laboratory tests, he/she could be transferred to a milk and vegetable diet with reduced in half amounts of protein in food. All food should be prepared without salt for a person with kidney disease. The amount of drink in the daily diet depends on how it is retained in the organism. Boiled or stewed vegetable dishes, cereals, pasta, milk soups and fruit juices are permitted. Kefir or yogurt, boiled eggs or omelet, sour cream, butter, oil may be included in the diet with the further improvement of the patient’s condition. It’s recommended to keep this diet for 3 months.
If the improvement of the patient’s condition has been steady for 3-4 months, the doctor may gradually expand the diet. White bread, cheese, meat and fish are added to the list of permitted products. Salt (no more than 5g per day) may be added in case all the above mentioned products are well tolerated and do not cause swelling.
Type of Diet forChronicGlomerulonephritis
Chronic glomerulonephritis is a kidney disease that can proceed with predominance of certain characteristics: a large number of protein and blood in urine, edema and high blood pressure. In this case the diet depends on prevailing symptoms of a certain patient.
Doctors prescribe a dairy and vegetable diet if the patient has high blood pressure. Salt and drinks are limited in case of swelling. If the condition of the patient is getting better, he/she may gradually expand the diet through the introduction of protein foods (meat, fish, cheese) and salt.
Type of Diet forPyelonephritis
Pyelonephritis is a kidney disease. It’s inflammation of kidney interstitial tissue. In case of acute pyelonephritis with high fever and severe intoxication, both fruits and vegetables that have a diuretic effect and large amounts ofdrinks are recommended. The diet for chronic pyelonephritis is the same as for acute pyelonephritis.
Type of Diet forNephatony
Two main rules that should be observed when selecting a diet for patients with nephatony are:
Limited amount of salt.
Limited amount of drinks.
Excess amount of salt and drinks only enhance the problem. Ham, bacon, sausages, cheese and sauces should also be excluded from the diet.
Remember, you should consult your nutritionist before following a certain diet whether it is kidney disease or any other illness.