Diet for Kidney Stones


Those who even once had to suffer from kidney stones can say that it was a very unpleasant process. When filtering the blood kidneys remove the excess of mineral salts and other wastes. Urine dissolves these wastes. Urine can become too saturated with some minerals and cannot dissolve waste any more. In this case kidney stones are starting to form. It can be difficult to explain why they have developed in this or some other particular medical case.


Some people just have a tendency to develop kidney stones. Once kidney stones are eliminated, they can appear again next year. Prevention of kidney stones becomes a crucial issue for such people.

Once kidney stones are diagnosed, the main purpose is to get rid of them. They can go out through urinary tract themselves, unnoticed. The easiest recommendation to get rid of kidney stones is to drink a lot of water. If they are small, they will go out. Sometimes, however, depending on the size of the stone, passing it through urinary tract can be an extremely painful process especially for stones with sharp or rough edges. In severe cases surgery is necessary.

Kidney stones develop from sand. That is why it is so important to reveal the sand timely. Once you know you have sand in your kidneys, you should start following the right diet and, certainly drink more water.

Kidney stones are not all the same. A doctor needs to run certain tests to determine the type of stones a patient have.

However, the most common ones contain:

  • Calcium
  • Oxalates
  • Phosphate

Kidney StonesTypical combinations of kidney stones are calcium oxalate and calcium phosphate.

Your diet to prevent kidney stones will depend on the type of stones you have.

General recommendations

Drinking enough water is essential. How much is enough? 8-10 glasses of fluids every day will be sufficient, and it is recommended to drink at least 50% of these fluids as clean water. You need to flush waste out of your kidneys.

Arrange your diet to prevent stones formation.

Decrease daily consumption of animal protein, Products asbeef, chicken, pork, fish, and eggs should be avoided.

Increase daily consumption of fiber. Such products as whole wheat breads, wheat cereals, cabbage, and carrots, for example, are rich in fiber.

Reduce salt, chocolate, cocoa, coffee and alcohol consumption.

Calcium phosphate stones diet

  1. Cut back on salt and sodium. No more than 2 mg of sodium per day is recommended.
  2. Reduce processed foods, beans, dark green vegetables, Brussels sprouts, spinach, egg yolks, onion, garlic, milk (no more than 1-2 glasses per day), citrus fruits.
  3. Beneficial products: watermelon, beech juice, grapes, raisins, pomegranates, pears, melons, strawberries, olive oil, carrots, apples, cherries, pineapples, cucumbers, pumpkin.

Calcium phosphate stones diet

Oxalate stones diet

  1. You should avoid high-oxalate products: inner animal organs (liver, heart, etc.), nuts, soy beans and soy milk, cereals, spinach, dark green leafy vegetables, celery, strong black tea, coffee, chocolate, cocoa, sweet potatoes, citrus fruits like lemon, lime, orange, also mustard and onion.
  2. Beneficial products: oranges, watermelons, beech juice, grapes, melons, potatoes, lemon, mandarin, olive oil.

Oxalate stones dietTo sum up, kidney stones can be treated without medication in mild to moderate cases with an emphasis on kidney stones prevention. Such simple recommendations as drinking enough water and following a proper diet can solve the problem of stone formation. Remember, that prevention is the best treatment. Stay healthy!