Hypoglycemia Low Glucose Level in Blood


Hypoglycemia is a human condition, in which glucose levels in the blood rapidly decrease below the standard. Unfortunately, it may occur spontaneously, but the key thing is that this condition is very dangerous to a human life. A low glucose level in blood affects all organs, especially the brain, since it consumes much more glucose than other organs. Therefore, people with hypoglycemia need urgent medical attention.


What are the causes of hypoglycemia? A number of reasons hypoglycemia may occur are:

1. Missed meals.

2. Following no prescriptive diet.

3. Sport activities without the required meal.

4. Consuming alcohol.

5. A large dose of insulin.

6. Taking the excessive doses of hypoglycemic medications.

7. No matching of insulin dose and eaten carbohydrates.

8. The impact of infection on the patient’s body.

The Light Form of Hypoglycemia

This form of hypoglycemia is identified by such symptoms as:

  • Feeling of hunger.
  • Shivering and fever of the body.
  • Lips and tongue suddenly become insensitive.
  • Weakness and tingling of the extremities.
  • Dizziness.
  • Pale skin, sweating, especially of the head.
  • The patient’s disorientation and confusion.

Actually, a milder form of hypoglycemia is not life-threatening if you eat a product containing glucose, or drink sweet juice. This must be done immediately, as soon as you feel the preconditions of the attack. Because this condition can rapidly get worse, the patient may even lose his or her consciousness.

What do you Do, or Actions of the Patient with Mild Hypoglycemia

self-monitoring of glucose levels in blood

*In this state, the patient must measure the level of glucose in blood. For values ranging from 51-70mg/dl, the compensation of carbohydrate metabolism is decreased. Thus, the patient can improve the situation. To do this, he must immediately take digestible carbohydrates (at least 10-15g of pure carbs). For example, it can either be 0.5 cup of sweet fruit juice, 3-4 slices of sugar, or 3-5 glucose tablets (3g).

*If the glucose level in blood is less than 50mg/dl, the patient should take 20-30g of digestible carbohydrates and repeat the glucose level test in 15 minutes. If the condition does not improve, it is important to consume more carbohydrates.

*After receiving carbohydrates and the disappearance of hypoglycemic symptoms, the patient must eat a light meal containing protein (1g) and carbs (15g). This may be a cracker with cheese, but something independent of the next meal. This is should be enough to stabilize the glucose level in the blood.

Severe Hypoglycemia

hypoglycemia is identified

Severe hypoglycemia is followed by inadequate coordination, double vision, general confusion, speech problems, and imperfect sensation. When no immediate action is taken, the hypoglycemia symptoms will only worsen and cause convulsions, unconsciousness, and coma. In this case, the patient’s family members or friends are usually able to give them 1staid, by way of an injection of glycogen. In 10-15 minutes the sufferer often becomes conscious and feels at ease. In general, severe hypoglycemia requires urgent medical attention and treatment. If the glucose level in blood is close to the critical lower limit, it is necessary to take immediate measures. Therefore, the patient is advised to perform self-monitoring of glucose levels in blood before or after a meal, as well as at bedtime. Regular control of glucose levels will allow the doctor to get into the rhythm of the disease and improve the treatment.

How to Prevent Reduced Glucose Level in Blood

A patient with diabetes should always be prepared to help himself in case of initial hypoglycemia symptoms. For this reason, he must always have glucose tablets, or other sources of easily digestible carbohydrates. However, no one can use them without supervision if the condition is stable. To prevent hypoglycemia, it is necessary to lead a healthy lifestyle and diet, as well as to keep taking insulin and carbohydrates in accordance with the situation.