Migraine Headaches How to Avoid Them
Occasionally, some people suffer from headaches called migraines, but sometimes the pain is so excruciating that it can lay the person up. There is still no explanation for this disease. On the one hand, it is considered to be a neurogenic disease, but there is no evidence for this. On the other hand, this can be the result of an imperfect serotonin metabolism. As for the vascular theory, headaches called migraines are caused by an unpredictable breakdown of a regulatory (vasculomotor) center, which is responsible for both reflex constriction and vascular distention. Typically, women, teenagers, and young adults are to suffer most of all. Luckily, the disease can disappear over the years.
What Actually Causes These Migraine headaches?
Migraine headaches occur when the blood starts flowing differently in specific brain regions. Most likely, migraine headaches are inherited, but may also be caused by nervous breakdowns, stresses, overexertion, alcohol, and consumption of certain foods. As for the frequency and strength of attacks, they are influenced by such factors as use of hormonal preparations or weather changes. Generally, the symptoms of migraine headaches affect the visual apparatus. In such cases, we can speak of a classic migraine with an aura. In other cases, when there is no blurred vision, this is a common migraine without an aura. By the way, both types tend to replace each other periodically.
What Are the Symptoms of a Migrainewithout an Aura?
Symptoms of Migraine headaches usually appear within a few hours or days before the actual attack. Some patients experience changes in mood, unexplained irritability, depression, sleepiness, fatigue, or a burst of joy, but for no apparent reason. Also, a person may feel increased hunger, or vice versa, as well as a stomach disorder, constipation, or diarrhea. More so, there can be a prolonged tension of the neck muscles, hyperosmia, hyperacusia and excessive visual perception, which are well-known precursors of migraine headaches. Then, all of those symptoms are followed by a severe throbbing pain in certain parts of the head or half head. The headache may even cover the entire head, intensifying at the slightest exercised stress. In addition, there are some more manifestations of migraine headaches without an aura: tearing and swelling of the nasal cavity. Consequently, the patient’s condition becomes worse and worse, due to nausea, vomiting, and throbbing pain in the temporal region of the brain. All of this may last up to 3 days. Sometimes, patients start feeling a severe headache with no visible symptoms of migraine headaches. Gradually, the headache, nausea, and vomiting decrease and the patient is exhausted and a falls into a deep sleep. After the attack, he or she returns to their normal activities but constantly feeling tired.
Migraine headaches with an Aura
In fact, they occur in 20% of patients. The symptoms are the same as those of migraine headaches without an aura. However, visual abnormalities (aura) usually take place, lasting up to an hour. During the aura, the images or specific areas are often misshapen, or viewed only partially. After such attacks, a person may not experience a migraine and feel perfectly healthy for a long period of time. A patient with regular migraine headaches can always feel when the attack is coming, as he or she knows all the symptoms.
How to Reduce the Chances of Migraine headaches?
All the efforts to reduce the likelihood of migraine headaches are aimed to reduce the trigger factors, which are stress, alcohol, smoking, certain foods. So be careful with chocolate, mushrooms, salty foods, onions, alcohol (especially red wine), vanilla, flavored products, soybeans, nuts, foods containing tyramine (an ingredient of sports nutrition to burn fat), and cheese. Migraine headaches prophylaxis means to eat healthy, normal day regime, moderate physical activity, and enough sleep. If the patient feels the first symptoms of the attack, it is better to stop all current activities, take headache medicine (as recommended by the doctor), go to a dark quiet room, and relax in bed.