Proper Child Nutrition, or The Basis of His or Her Healthy Life
Child nutrition is a constant concern of parents, as this is the normal basis of his or her development. When the child gains normal weight, they are moderately nourished and generally healthy, then their development fits all age criteria. However, there can be certain reasons for some parents to be concerned about child nutrition.
Thus, there are 2 main problems of irregular child nutrition.
1. Child undernourishment, connected with an inadequate appetite.
The Differences between the Bodily Needs of Children and Adults
Before discussing the child nutrition in terms of nutrients, parents need to know that the bodies of children and teenagers have significant differences when compared with adults. The metabolism rate among the children is 1.5-2 times faster. In addition, the accumulation of energy outnumbers the energy consumption. For younger children (from 1 to 3years), the average daily consumption is 90 - 100kcal per 1 kg of the child’s weight; for adults this figure is 45kcal. Gradually, the energy consumption per 1 kg of child’s weight is reduced. For the normal development of the child, his normal growth and development, the calorie intake should be 10% higher than his energy consumption.
For example, if the child weighs 14kg, then his diet should contain 14x90calories 1.1 = 1386kcal. Child nutrition is composed of proteins of vegetable or animal origin, which must be 4g per 1kg of the 1-3 year child’s mass. When the mass is 14 kg, there must be 14х4g = 56g of protein.
The need for fats is the same as the need for proteins.
The need for carbohydrates in a child is higher than in adults because of his or her higher motor activity. Therefore, there must be 10-15g of carbohydrates per 1 kg of child’s body mass (14kgх10g = 140g). If a child consumes more carbohydrates, it leads to obesity and metabolic disorders. Both problems of child nutrition affect his or her general health. As a result, the immune system weakens, which causes frequent illnesses and backwardness. Children also have an increased need for vitamins.
Why Does the Child Eat Poorly?
There is a disease called anorexia, when the child nutrition breaks. Sometimes even seeing their mother with a spoon causes the child to vomit. The main reason why the child’s nutrition is broken is the reduced production of enzymes for digestion. It may be either innate or gained after various diseases or negative emotions.
What Actions Cause the Loss of Appetite in a Child?
1. It is not recommended to distract a child with TV, reading fairy tales, or other irritants during meals.
2. No force feeding is recommended. If so, this may cause a persistent aversion to food in children. By the way, scientists have established a direct link between the cardiovascular diseases and/or stomach cancer in adults and force-feeding in childhood.
3. Also, it is not recommended to get loud during a child’s bad meal, no eating at all, or his ‘I do not want’. Better show to dismiss them from the table and let him do something. Then, invite him to the table again in nearly 20 minutes. If the child does not want to eat again, then invite him to the table only for the next meal. Either way, try to stay patient.
4. If the child’s nutrition is impaired by enzymatic deficiency of the body, then the physician prescribes drugs that promote digestion.
Tips To Overcome Symptoms of Anorexia
1. Adults are not recommended to show their negative attitudes to dishes in the presence of a child.
2. If a child is reluctant to eat the first meal, it is advised you give him a second dish in small quantities. The child always hesitates about big portions. It is better if he asks for more later.
3. Before meals, it is necessary to provide food which tempts the appetite. This can be a salad, pickled tomatoes, etc. Also, you can offer your child some sour apple 20 minutes before meals.
4. The table is to be covered nicely: beautiful tablecloth, attractive dishes, gaily decorated dishes.
5. A child’s nutrition from an early age affects his or her health and future adult life. This is why the parents’ anxiety about inadequate meals of their children is quite understandable. In any case, parents should be patient and should organize the child’s nutrition properly.