What Is An Eating Disorder 10 Primary Eating Disorder Symptoms


Eating plays an essential role in our life. We all needfoodto sustain our bodies healthy. Different people have different eating habits - when, what and how much they like to eat. The modern way of life dictates its own rules and very often determines our eating habits. Big loads of work, problems in the family, difficulties in personal relationships, stress - all these and many other reasons could lead to eating disorders.


An eating disorderis a serious illness that is characterized not only by eating too little or too much. It includes different health states and has a great variety of symptoms and causes.Foodis not the main cause of this illness as many people tend to think, it is only a way to deal with certain physiological problems such as low self-esteem, depression, stress, etc.An eating disorderis not “picky” in choosing its victim: women, men, teenagers and even children.

The main types ofeating disorders:

Anorexia, Bulimia and Binge-Eating Disorder (BED). Let’s take a closer look at each one of them.

Anorexia (anorexia nervosa)

Isan eating disordercharacterized by limiting amount offooda person eats andunhealthyweight loss. An anorexic has a wrong perception of his or her body weight and makes restrictions on what to eat and how much to eat.

Symptoms include:

  • Great weight loss in a short period of time
  • Dizziness and fainting
  • Muscle weakness
  • Pale and fragile skin
  • Loss of hair
  • Denial of hunger
  • Resistance to keephealthybody weight
  • Out-controlled dieting
  • Intense fear of gaining weight

Behavioral symptoms:

  • Loss of menstrual periods for girls and women
  • Negative self perception
  • Exhausting physical exercises
  • Complaining about being “fat” even when being thin
  • Not sleeping well
  • Constant reading books about diets and losing weight
  • Constant counting of calories
  • Feeling depressed
  • Trying to hide theunhealthyloss of weight by wearing bigger clothes

Bulimia (bulimia nervosa)

Isan eating disordercharacterized by having big portions of meal in a short period of time and then getting rid of calories by vomiting, overusing laxatives or exhausting themselves with physical exercises.

Symptoms include:

  • Sore throat
  • Throat inflammations
  • Stained teeth (from stomach acid)
  • Extremely sensitive teeth s
  • Often being on a diet
  • Constant “heart burn”
  • Blood shots in the eyes
  • Light bruises under eyes

Behavioral symptoms:

  • Fear of gaining weight
  • Often visits to the bathroom after having a meal
  • Denying the problem
  • Dissatisfaction of his or her body shape and weight
  • Depression
  • Not associating with close friends
  • Eating in secret
  • Chewing but not swallowing what they eat
  • Hidingfoodin strange places (under the pillows, suit cases)
  • Desperate desire to lose weight

Binge-Eating Disorder (BED)

Isan eating disordercharacterized by eating a lot in a short period of time (binge). People with binge-eating disorder do not try to get rid of calories by making themselves vomit, overuse laxatives or exhausting exercises, so usually they are overweight which is also nothealthyand can lead to heart diseases.

Symptoms include:

  • Lack of control during binges
  • Eating even when not feeling hungry
  • Eating in secret
  • Eating very fast and a lot during binges
  • Avoiding eating with and around other people
  • Constantly dieting
  • Overweight
  • Behavioral symptoms:
  • Depression
  • Feeling disgust and shame about their behavior
  • Thinking that losing weight will make them happier
  • Low self-esteem
  • Blaming others in their problems with overweight
  • Thinking thatfoodis the only friend they have got
  • Frequent being out of breath
  • Sweating a lot
  • Problems with high blood pressure
  • Feeling pain in the legs

Eating disordersnot otherwise specified. It is when people have some symptoms of anorexia, bulimia and binge-eating disorder or mixture some or all of them. A person may not be very skinny or suffer from being overweight but could be obsessed withhealthyeating. They may very often change their eating patterns. But it does not mean that thiseating disorderis not as serious as the other three.

People with any kind ofeating disorderare in need of professional medical help.