What is Cholelithiasis The Diet for the Patients Suffering from Gallbladder Diseases
As life goes on, many people do not think much about the quality of the meals and their life style in general. With time the organism wears out or the problems of infectious character occur. Such a disease as cholelithiasis develops because of harmful meals, abuse of unhealthy foods, and alcohol beverages. It is possible that the genetic factor also has its influence. The earlier a person starts treatment and changes his lifestyle, the better it is for him. The treatment and the diet are the most important criteria for health state improvement for the patients suffering from cholelithiasis.
Cholelithiasis is stones formation in the gallbladder and its channels. It develops when the metabolism disorder occurs. Bile produced by the liver changes its composition. The balance between cholesterol, bile acids and fatty acids is broken. There is the excess of poisonous substance bilirubin, hardly dissolvable in water (the product of hemoglobin disintegration that is transported to the liver for the further transformation and utilization), bile pigment. The liver turns it into low-toxic bilirubin. It gets into the bile and after, through the bile channels into the gallbladder. Bilirubin amount in blood under the normal conditions is not considerable. With liver malfunction or if the gall bladder channels are impassable, bilirubin enters the blood. The rise of bilirubin in blood occurs. Skin and eyes acquire a yellow color. This is a typical symptom of liver, gallbladder or gallbladder channels diseases. Such symptoms may accompany a hereditary disease, named hyperbilirubinemia.
Cholelithiasis is manifested by the colic in the right subcostal area with spreading to the back, upward. Exposure to cold often provokes such colic, as well as fatty and hot spicy food and nervous tension. It can occur also due to moving of the stones in the gallbladder and its channels.
Healthy eating, regular physical exercise, and active lifestyle is essential to prevent colic from re-occurring and the disease from progressing. Continuing healthy lifestyle will help to eliminate bile stagnation in the gallbladder. Besides, the patients need to fight with infectious diseases.
The disease treatment is long and based upon healthy eating.
During the periods of progressing disease, a sparing diet is required.
The diet for cholelithiasis.
Sparing dietary eating is aimed at restoring the functions of the liver, gallbladder and gallbladder channels to stimulate bile production.
This is healthy eating of full value with normal content of proteins, carbohydrates and limited quantity of fats. The increase of fluids intake to 2,5 l. The increase of vitamins is needed as well. It allowed: proteins 80-100 grams, fats 70 grams (25% vegetable oils), carbohydrates 350-400 grams, including 80-90 grams of sugar if a patient doesn’t suffer from sugar diabetes. Salt up to 8 grams.
The food is consumed 5 times per day in a graded semi fluid state. Method of cooking is boiling.
Here the list of what should be excluded from consumption:
Rye bread, fancy pastry, flaky paste.
Fatty kinds of poultry, meat and fish. Exclude sub products: liver, brain, kidneys.
Smoked foods, sausages, canned food and salty fish.
Dairy products: fatty sour curd, cream, and strong cheese.
Animal fats, vegetable oils, except those which are permitted.
Millet, fine-ground barley, pearl-barley porridges and all kinds of legumes. Crumbly porridges.
Exclude vegetables like garlic, onions, black radish and garden radishes, turnip. Vegetables containing oxalic acids, like spinach, sorrel, also should not be consumed. Cabbage is not recommended. Salty and pickled vegetables should be eliminated as well.
Meat, fish, mushroom broth, soups or sauces based on them are not recommended.
As for fruits, sour kinds and berries with hard seeds are excluded.
Sweet dishes, like desserts with cream, halvah, chocolate, ice-cream.
Beverages: natural coffee, cocoa, cold drinks and beverages with gas.
What to include into healthy eating?
Wheat bread from whole grain flour, non-fancy cookies.
Meat and poultry of low-fat kinds. Poultry skin is excluded. It’s possible to use meat of poultry as a whole piece sometimes.
Fish of low-fat kinds is recommended.
Eggs. An omelet from egg whites cooked with steam. Egg yolk 1 per day in any dish.
Dairy products: low-fat milk, if digested well, low-fat yoghurt, sour cream in any dish, non-fat curd, and grated dishes from it. Non-strong grated cheese is allowed.
As for fats, butter and vegetable oils in dishes can be consumed, according to the recommended daily norm.
Grated semi fluid porridges, soups on water base are recommended. Milk, soufflé, pudding, puree-soups may be included into the diet. Sour cream or butter may be added to them.
Consume fruit and berries, sweet kinds, ripe, raw ones and in dishes.
Sweets: honey, sugar, jam, zephyr, non-chocolate candies.
Taking into account increased consumption of beverages, teas can be introduced into the diet: green, black (not strong), herbal teas, dog rose tea, tomato juice, sweet fruit and berry juices, and compotes.
Spices, not irritating the sick organs, are recommended: turmeric, ginger in small quantity, cumin, anise, fennel.
Afterwards, a patient changes the diet to the healthy eating diet for cholelithiasis, when the disease is not in progress.