What is diabetes


What is diabetes?


Diabetes is a disease of metabolism.

Main types of diabetes:

  • Type 1 diabetes;
  • Type 2 diabetes;
  • Diabetes insipidus;
  • Renal diabetes;
  • Phosphate diabetes.

All types of diabetes are severe diseases which require to be treated for a long time. Usually it is a lifelong drug treatment and clinical nutrition.

How does pancreas work in a healthy organism?

Stomach, liver, pancreas, and gums are glands of endocrine secretion which are involved in gastrointestinal digestion. Proteins, fats, and carbohydrates are dispersed under the influence of ferments. They are absorbed into bowels and blood. Our blood delivers energy to cells in the form of glucose. There is only insulin produced by pancreas to let cells assimilate the glucose. It serves as conductor between glucose and cell. If the amount of glucose in blood is exceeded, the amount of insulin is exceeded as well. At this time liver accumulates more glucose. When cells have used all glucose, insulin is utilized from our organism. During the next nutrition insulin is produced again by pancreas. It is the order kept in healthy body.

How does an organism suffering from diabetes work?

Type 1 diabetesWhen one suffers from type 1 diabetes, the situation is the following. Cells producers of insulin die out in pancreas. That is why insulin is not produced if a man suffers from diabetes. If the pancreas is partially affected, the amount of insulin produced is insignificant. There’s nothing to transfer glucose to cells. As a result, cells begin to starve and die out. And blood glucose lever becomes high. That is why the most effective way to restore proper absorption of glucose in the organism suffering from diabetes is an insulin injection. It will make one feel better but won’t fix the reason of pancreas defect.

insulinType 2 diabetes is more complicated in the question of glucose assimilation. A proper producing of insulin can remain. But this insulin is unable to transfer glucose to cells. The reason is that the pancreas is unable to produce insulin in time. Another reason is that the insulin produced is not suitable for glucose penetration into cells. Carrying glucose within a cell can be disturbed. These are complicated processes which are hard to be detected. But the main condition for proper vital function is normalizing blood glucose levels. Among diabetics a lot of people suffer from type 2 diabetes. The diabetes is caused by malnutrition and obesity.

Diabetes insipidus is caused by failure of producing antidiurectic hormone, which controls the liquid balance of our organism. There should be a certain level of liquid content in blood and intercellular space. If the balance is disturbed and the amount of transporting components in blood increases, thirst appears and brain provokes intense producing of antidiurectic hormone. It assists further absorption of liquid.

It causes higher urinary excretion with low salt content and provokes feeling of thirst. The main factors of this disease are heredity and central nervous system diseases.

Phosphate diabetes is a hereditary disease. Phosphate-calcium interchange is disturbed when the one suffers from this illness. A long termed treatment and special diet based on foods with high content of phosphates and vitamin D are required in this case. This type of diabetes affects the bone tissue.

Renal diabetes strikes people who suffer from pyelonephritis. It is a kidney disease. Sometimes renal diabetes is hereditary. In this case loss of sodium occurs. You know the role that sodium plays in our organism. Combined with potassium it stimulates nervous impulses of cardiac muscles making our heart beat. Sodium and chlorine generate gastric juice. The constancy of liquid in our organism is kept due to sodium. It influences short-term memory and muscle contraction. Renal diabetes should be treated by drugs with sodium content and special diets.

We have considered different types of diabetes. Diabetes has a negative impact on every organ. It causes obesity and cardiovascular diseases. Diabetes also provokes eye diseases and can be a reason of blindness. If you have any of your relatives suffering from diabetes, you are in the risk group. However, it doesn’t mean that diabetes will strike you for sure. Different preventive measures are required to lower the risk of diabetes.

Diabetes prevention includes the following measures:

  • Keep healthy weight;
  • Your diet should contain optimal amount of proteins, fats and carbohydrates;
  • Be active;
  • Avoid bad habits;
  • Avoid stresses and think positively.